Signs and Symptoms
1. A feeling of having a layer over the eyes or of looking through fog.
2. Unclear or hazy vision
3. Discomfort or impaired vision that’s caused by bright lights.
4. Double or triple vision occurring in one eye only.
5. a temporary improvement in near vision, For example, you may not need your reading glasses for a brief time.
6. Obscure or white area visible when you look into the pupil of the eye (when a cataract is advanced).
What to Do Now
If you suspect that you have cataracts, you should go to a medical doctor licensed to treat all eye conditions. He or she can tell you if you’ll need an eye surgery.
When to Call a Doctor
You should immediately call a doctor if you have several of the symptoms, especially blurred vision or discomfort from bright lights.
How to Prevent
1. Buy sunglasses that shield your eyes from the ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) rays in sunlight. Sunglasses that block out UVA and UVB should have a label saying that they “eliminate 99 percent of UVA and UVB.”
2. If you are a woman and intend to become pregnant, protect your baby by getting vaccinated for German measles if you haven’t had the disease already.
3. Wear safety glasses to prevent eye injury when playing sports, or when using power tools or caustic chemicals such as paint remover.
4. Eat more green and yellow vegetables, and small fishes, which contain substances (antioxidants) that researchers believe help prevent cataracts.