Signs and Symptoms
1. Pain and swelling in or near a joint.
2. In bursitis of the shoulder, pain moving into the neck arms, or fingers.
3. Fever, if caused by infection.
What to do now
1. Rest the painful area.
2. When pain starts hold an ice pack on the spot for 20 minutes, three to four times a day for two days, to reduce swelling. After two days, or if pain keeps coming back, apply warmth for 15 to 20 minutes, three to four times a day, to relieve the pain.
3. Take an over-the-counter and anti-inflammatory such as aspirin or ibuprofen to relieve pain and reduce swelling.
When to call a doctor
1. If your temperature is over 101 digress or if the skin around the affected area turns red and swollen; you may have an infection of the bursa.
2. If pain or swelling continues for more than two weeks despite rest and home care; you may have chronic bursitis or the onset of arthritis.
How to prevent it
1. Exercise regularly. Warm up before exercise; cool down afterward.
2. Wear protective stuff when you’re playing contact sports.
3. Avoid extremely repetitive or strenuous activities such as hammering or digging soil.
4. If you have to do repetitive work, change your position often and take five-to ten minute breaks every hour.
5. To prevent bursitis in the feet, don’t wear high heels or badly worn shoes.
6. To avoid bursitis in the hip, sit on cushioned chairs.
7. Regular stretching or yoga can help prevent damage to bursae.